New Galaxy Zoo Mobile challenge – Ringed Galaxies
My name is Mike – I’m a researcher helping run the Zooniverse project Galaxy Zoo.
The challenge is to find galaxies with rings. I’ve picked out the 25,000 galaxies where some* volunteers voted for “Ring” on the final GZ question – “Does this galaxy have any rare features?”. Now it’s time to do a targeted search through these promising galaxies. Swipe left and right on GZ Mobile to tell us which ones you think have rings.
This is what galaxies with rings look like. I think these are easily the most beautiful galaxies we’ve ever shown on Galaxy Zoo, with glittering spiral arms and intricate structures. We’ve zoomed in each picture about 25% more than in Galaxy Zoo itself, so you’ll see all that fine detail.
We want to find galaxies with rings because they’re a mystery. Astronomers aren’t sure what causes rings.
One leading theory is that they form from disk galaxies left undisturbed for hundreds of millions of years. Theoretical calculations and computer simulations suggest that the gravity of stars in the galaxy’s bar or bulge can cause the orbits of nearby stars to change, first making spiral arms and eventually a ring shape. Another theory is that rings are caused by head-on collisions where a small galaxy punches through the middle of a large disk galaxy, like a rock dropped into a pond.
The truth is that there are probably different kinds of ring, formed by different processes. Working out which processes form which rings will require many examples of each – and that’s where you come in.
This targeted project is all about finding as many rings as possible. Once we know which galaxies have rings, we can follow up with future projects to divide them into different categories, and compare those categories to find out what creates each type of ring.
As always with Galaxy Zoo, your classifications will be publicly shared with all researchers to help everyone investigate rings. We will also use your classifications to teach a new version of Zoobot, our galaxy-classifying AI, to find rings. Zoobot can then help find more rings in the million-or-so galaxies recently released by the DECaLS survey** that we haven’t yet uploaded to Galaxy Zoo.
If you have any questions, come chat to our community and myself on the Galaxy Zoo Talk forum.
* Specifically, galaxies where the fraction of volunteers answering “ring” is in the top third (typically about two or more volunteers).
** The published catalog from Galaxy Zoo DECaLS used images from Dark Energy Camera Legacy Survey data release 5 and earlier. The survey has since released more galaxy images, some of which have already been uploaded to Galaxy Zoo.